Population genomics programs seek to innovate in health care and accelerate discovery by combining clinical information with genomic data at scale in a learning health system.1 By assaying more of the underlying biology during routine clinical care, such programs can not only deliver on the immediate needs of today’s patient, but also build a database that can be mined for insights to help tomorrow’s patient.2-4
A successful population genomics program joins the medical and research communities, along with governments and industry, into a cohesive strategy to deliver improved outcomes, more efficient population health management, and an accelerated pace of discovery through translation.
Population genomics also provides a platform for industry engagement and investment, specifically in the pharmaceutical, biotechnology, and data sectors. By integrating large, diverse data sets and using advanced computing technology (such as artificial intelligence or machine learning), health systems and partners are optimally positioned to unlock the power of the genome even further, while improving quality of life and care and fostering economic growth.
Innovation is one of the key objectives across population genomics programs, as modeled by Genomics England with the 100,000 Genomes Project. Its main goals were: to realize the benefits of whole-genome sequencing (WGS) to improve patient care, provide a foundation for research, transform health care in the National Health Service (NHS), and stimulate economic growth by managing cost and realizing the promise of precision medicine.Read Article Learn More
An innovative pilot program that demonstrated the clinical utility of WGS in rare, undiagnosed genetic disease and oncology, transforming the NHS.View Video
Dr. David Bentley, VP and Chief Scientist at Illumina, describes the history of the 100,000 Genomes Project and the complementary and synergistic relationship between the NHS, Genomics England, and Illumina.View Video
The growth of genomic medicine has had a significant impact on both the NHS in England and the global research community.5-9
Creation of a national genomic infrastructure to help incorporate genomics in health care and deliver more personalized medicine solutions to patients
An aligned and standardized interface for public–private partnership, catalyzing industry growth in the pharmaceutical, data, and biotechnology sectors
A global research community actively accessing and making discoveries from the data
Continuing in a global leadership position, the UK has made commitments to expand to 500,000—or possibly even 5 million—genomes in the next 5 years
Professor Dame Sally C. Davies’ annual update on the NHS discusses the role of genomics, the 100,000 Genomes Project, and the potential to improve clinical care.
This strategic vision for the UK includes scientific support, industry growth, improved patient care, digitalization, and promotion necessary to meet the future demands of health care innovation.
This forward-looking plan describes the initiative across the NHS to promote better patient care, including plans to sequence more patients and incorporate WGS into primary clinical care.
Dr. Eric Topol highlights future trends in the NHS, with recommendations to help prepare the health care system for the digital future.
Read the Application Note to see how IGA and Illumina DNA PCR-Free Prep for WGS enable a flexible, automated NGS workflow for robust and reliable performance.Download App Note
The 100,000 Genomes Project in the UK is joined by other similar population genomics programs in development worldwide.
Figure adapted from: Stark Z, Dolman L, Manolio TA, et al. Integrating genomics into healthcare: a global responsibility. Am J Hum Genet. 2019;104(1):13-20.
Eric Topol, MD, Director of the Scripps Research Translational Institute and Professor of molecular medicine at Scripps Research, highlights the benefits of building the largest, most diverse data resource of its kind that integrates multiple longitudinal data points, with the goal of learning more about human health and disease.View Video
With the success of the 100,000 Genomes Project, Genomics England announced its goal to sequence 5 million genomes within five years.Read Article
The Australian government will invest $500 million over 10 years for research into better disease testing, diagnosis, and treatment.Read Article
The initiative began in 2015 and has recruited > 175,000 participants as of July 2019, 80% of whom are from historically underrepresented populations in research.Read Article
“The NHS, as the single biggest integrated healthcare system in the world, is able to link lifelong healthcare information with whole genome sequencing data. It is a combination that brings benefit to patients whilst also demonstrating the UK's competitive advantage in enhancing understanding of diseases, and developing products for earlier detection and treatment.”
“Genomic medicine has the potential to save costs and improve quality of care by targeting treatment, maximizing benefit and reducing side effects.”
“The holy grail of the health system for the future is that we take a more prognostic and preventative healthcare approach, and this will enable us to do that, by understanding some of the genetic make-up of individuals that might predispose them to developing certain conditions.”
The DRAGEN platform offers a simplified workflow for cohort analysis, delivering highly accurate population call sets in a flexible and efficient manner.
This technical note outlines the process and results of evaluating joint genotyping performance using the DRAGEN Platform in three use cases that are common for large-scale PopGen projects.Download Reference Guide
We bring the collective expertise of Illumina and the global community together to advise on best practices, align stakeholders and partners, and ensure the overall success of population genomics efforts around the globe.
Illumina provides leading next-generation sequencing solutions. We have a wealth of experience in designing and building factory-scale, clinical-grade sequencing operations and downstream data architectures. Given our experience with global population genomics programs, we can also advise on program governance, stakeholder engagement, economics, and other non-technical factors of a successful program. Our advisory services include (but are not limited to) laboratory workflow design, informatics infrastructure and data architecture, health economics, industry engagement, program governance, and clinical research strategy.
Population genomics programs are part of a global dialogue around standards and data accessibility. We support this dialogue by fostering collaborations and opportunities to address key learnings through global and regional events, and international consortia such as the Global Alliance for Genomics and Health.
We have experience working with numerous partners in programs around the world. We can connect you with a set of industry partners who can provide technical capabilities and components for a genomics learning health system or help with implementation and accreditation needs to operate a system at scale.